How to Read A Research Paper
- Read the title and look at any figures that look interesting to you
- Start by reading the abstract. These are often very dense so take it slow, and do not get overwhelmed if it is hard to understand.
- Read the introduction to the paper.
- Although it may seem strange to go out of order, try reading the discussion as soon as you finish the introduction.
- When you have finished the introduction and discussion, see if you can understand the results section.
- Finally when you’ve read all the rest of the paper, take a look at the methods to try to understand how the scientists did what they wrote about.
- Your highlighter is a useful tool
- Take notes in the margins
- Summarize each paragraph in your own words on a separate piece of paper – at the end you will have your own cheat sheet to understanding the paper!
- Talk about the paper with another person – two minds are better than one!
- Keep a tab open on your phone or computer and be sure to research what you do not understand
How to Use a Syringe
- Wear proper protection, sterilize tube caps, and sterilize gloves
- Open protective packaging
- Screw needle onto syringe
- Uncap needle
- Carefully insert needle into cap and flip tube upside down
- Pull back on syringe plunger
- Flick syringe to remove any bubbles and release the air
- Pull back beyond intended measurement and flip tube right side up
- Remove syringe and insert into new cap
- Plunge syringe and remove from cap
- Place syringe in proper hazardous waste bin
- Keep your work space sterile
- Do not pull the plunger back too fast